Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft, and is used in both takeoff and landing. Model of landing gear and doors for Airbus A380. As a senior detail design project for a class, the doors were to be redesigned with attention paid to weight and strength
For aircraft, the landing gear supports the craft when it is not flying, allowing it to take off, land, and taxi without damage. Wheels are typically used but skids, skis, floats or a combination of these and other elements can be deployed depending both on the surface and on whether the craft only operates vertically (VTOL) or is able to taxi along the surface. Faster aircraft usually have retractable undercarriages, which folds away during flight to reduce air resistance or drag.
For launch vehicles and spacecraft landers, the landing gear is typically designed to support the vehicle only post-flight, and are not used for takeoff or surface movement.